What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is when an author attempts to pass off someone else work as his or her own. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals, to salami-slicing, where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper.

Examples of plagiarism include

  1. Word-for-word copying of portions of another's writing without enclosing the copied passage in quotation marks and acknowledging the source in the appropriate scholarly convention.
  2. The use of a particularly unique term or concept without acknowledging the original author or source.
  3. The paraphrasing or abbreviated restatement of someone else's ideas without acknowledging that another person's text has been the basis for the paraphrasing.
  4. False citation: material should not be attributed to a source from which it has not been obtained.
  5. False data: data that has been fabricated or altered in a laboratory or experiment; although not factually plagiarism, this is clearly a form of academic fraud.
  6. Unacknowledged multiple authors or collaboration: the contributions of each author or collaborator should be made clear.
  7. Self-plagiarism/double submission: the submission of the same or a very similar paper to two or more publications. 


Cell and Tissue journal will judge any case of plagiarism on its limits. If plagiarism is detected by the editorial board member, reviewer, editor etc., in any stage of article process- before or after acceptance then we will alert the same to the author(s) and will ask them to rewrite the content or the to cite the references from where the content has been taken. If more than 20% of the paper is plagiarized- the article may be rejected and the same is notified to the author.

In the Journal of Cell and Tissue, the plagiarism of articles before sending them to the reviewers is done by the IranDoc Plagiarism system.
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