1. Ball P. Natural strategies for the molecular engineer. Nanotechnology. 2002; 13(5): R15.
2. Nel A, Xia T, Mädler L, Li N. Toxic potential of materials at the nanolevel. Science. 2006; 311(5): 622-7.
3. Handy RD, Owen R, Valsami-Jones E. The ecotoxicology of nano-particles and nanomaterials: current status, knowledge gaps, challenges, and future needs. Ecotoxicology. 2008; 17(5): 315-25.
4. Zhu H, Han J, Xiao JQ, Jin Y. Uptake, translocation, and accumulation of manufactured iron oxide nano-particles by pumpkin plants. J Environ Monit. 2008; 10(6): 713-7.
5. Amirjani MR, Askari M, Askari F. Effect of nano zinc oxide on alkaloids, enzymatic and antienzymatic antioxidant contents and some physiological parameters of catharantus roseus. Journal of Cell & Tissue (JCT). 2014; 5(2): 173-83.
6. Dietz K-J, Herth S. Plant nanotoxicology. Trends in plant science. 2011; 16(11): 582-9.
7. Da Silva LC, Oliva MA, Azevedo AA, De Araújo JM. Responses of restinga plant species to pollution from an iron pelletization factory. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2006; 175(1-4): 241-56.
8. Ovečka M, Lang I, Baluška F, Ismail A, et al. Endocytosis and vesicle trafficking
during tip growth of root hairs. Protoplasma. 2005; 226(1-2): 39-54.
9. Ma X, Geiser-Lee J, Deng Y, Kolmakov A. Interactions between engineered nano-particles (ENPs) and plants: phytotoxicity, uptake and accumulation. Science of the total environment. 2010; 408(16): 3053-61.
10. Zhu X, Zhu L, Duan Z, Qi R, et al. Comparative toxicity of several metal oxide nano-particle aqueous suspensions to Zebrafish (Danio rerio) early developmental stage. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 2008; 43(3): 278-84.
11. Li M, Czymmek KJ, Huang C. Responses of Ceriodaphnia dubia to TiO2 and Al2O3 nano-particles: a dynamic nano-toxicity assessment of energy budget distribution. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2011; 187(1): 502-8.
12. Yu S, Rui Q, Cai T, Wu Q. et al. Close association of intestinal autofluorescence with the formation of severe oxidative damage in intestine of nematodes chronically exposed to Al2O3 nano-particle. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 2011; 32(2): 233-41.
13. Di Virgilio A, Reigosa M, Arnal P, De Mele MFL. Comparative study of the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of titanium oxide and aluminium oxide nano-particles in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2010; 177(1): 711-8.
14. Dabrunz A, Duester L, Prasse C, Seitz F, et al. Biological surface coating and molting inhibition as mechanisms of TiO2 nano-particle toxicity in Daphnia magna. PLoS One. 2011; 6(5): e20112.
15. Sadiq IM, Pakrashi S, Chandrasekaran N, Mukherjee A. Studies on toxicity of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) nano-particles to microalgae species: Scenedesmus sp. and Chlorella sp. Journal of Nano-particle Research. 2011; 13(8): 3287-99.
16. Armelao L, Barreca D, Bottaro G, Gasparotto A, et al. Photocatalytic and antibacterial activity of TiO2 and Au/TiO2 nanosystems. Nanotechnology. 2007; 18(37):375709.
17. Aruoja V, Dubourguier H-C, Kasemets K, Kahru A. Toxicity of nano-particles of CuO, ZnO and TiO2 to microalgae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Science of the total environment. 2009; 407(4): 1461-8.
18. Franklin NM, Rogers NJ, Apte SC, Batley GE, et al. Comparative toxicity of nano-particulate ZnO, bulk ZnO, and ZnCl2 to a freshwater microalga (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata): the importance of particle solubility. Environmental Science & Technology. 2007; 41(24): 8484-90.
19. Hund-Rinke K, Simon M. Ecotoxic effect of photocatalytic active nano-particles (TiO2) on algae and daphnids (8 pp). Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2006; 13(4): 225-32.
20. Lin D, Xing B. Phytotoxicity of nano-particles: inhibition of seed germination and root growth. Environmental Pollution. 2007; 150(2): 243-50.
21. Yang L, Watts DJ. Particle surface characteristics may play an important role in phytotoxicity of alumina nano-particles. Toxicology Letters. 2005; 158(2): 122-32.
22. Juhel G, Batisse E, Hugues Q, Daly D, et al. Alumina nano-particles enhance growth of Lemna
minor. Aquatic toxicology. 2011; 105 (3): 328-36.
23. Pandy BP. Textbook of Botany Angiosperms : Taxonomy, Anatomy, Embryology (including tissue culture) and Economic Botany. Publisher: New Delhi : S. Chand & Co. 2004; 990p.
24. Ramezani F, Shayanfar A, Tavakkol Afshari R, Rezaee K. Effects of silver, nickel, zinc and zinc- copper nano-particles on germination, seedling establishment and enzyme activity of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) seed. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science. 2014; 45(1); 107-118.
25. Ghahraman A. Iranian's Chromophyts (Plant systematic) Tehran: University Publishing Center; 1993; 504-505.
26. Shakirova FM, Sakhabutdinova AR, Bezrukova MV, Fatkhutdinova RA, et al. Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Science. 2003; 164(3): 317-22.
27. Agrawal RL. Seed technology. India: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.; 1980. 685 p.
28. Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant physiology. 1949; 24(1): 1-15.
29. Bradford MM. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical biochemistry. 1976; 72(1): 248-54.
30. Koroi SAA. Gelektrophers tissue and spectral photometris chon under change Zomeinfiussdr temperature and structure Peroxidase isoenzyme. Physiology Vegetation. 1989; 20:15-23.
31. Chance B, Maehly A. Assay of catalases and peroxidases, Method enzymology. 1995; 11:746-775.
32. Kochert G. Carbohydrate determination by the phenol-sulfuric acid method. In: J.A. Hellebust and J.S. Craigie (Editors), Handbook of Phycological Methods: Physiological and Biochemical Methods. . London: Cambridge University Press; 1978.
33. Monica RC, Cremonini R. Nano-particles and higher plants. Caryologia. 2009; 62(2): 161-5.
34. Gao F, Hong F, Liu C, Zheng L, et al. Mechanism of nano-anatase TiO2 on promoting photosynthetic carbon reaction of spinach. Biological Trace Element Research. 2006; 111(1-3): 239-53.
35. Olomi H, Solatani Nezhad R. Effect of Nano-particles of zinc oxide and copper oxide on germination and morphological characteristics Glycrrhiza glabra L. seedlings. 1st national conference on plant stresses (abiotic). 2012. University of Esfahan.
36. Boonyanitipong P, Kositsup B, Kumar P, Baruah S, Dutta J. Toxicity of ZnO and TiO2 Nano-particles on Germinating Rice Seed. International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics. 2011; 1: 282-5.
37. Lee CW, Mahendra S, Zodrow K, Li D, et al. Developmental phytotoxicity of metal oxide nano-particles to Arabidopsis thaliana. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2010; 29(3): 669-75.
38. Khodakovskaya M, Dervishi E, Mahmood M, Xu Y, et al. Carbon nanotubes are able to penetrate plant seed coat and dramatically affect seed germination and plant growth. ACS Nano. 2009; 3(10): 3221-7.
39. Khot LR, Sankaran S, Maja JM, Ehsani R, et al. Applications of nanomaterials in agricultural production and crop protection: a review. Crop Protection. 2012; 35: 64-70.
40. Saber S, Ghasimi Hagh Z, mostafavi Sh. Effects of nano materials on the germination and seedling growth of brassica seeds. 1st NANO Technology and It’s Application in Agriculture and Natural Resources conference. 2012. University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran- Karaj.
41. Torabian sh. Zahedi M. Effects of Foliar Application of Common and Nano-sized of Iron Sulphate on the Growth of Sunflower Cultivars under Salinity. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science. 2013; 44(1): 109-118.
42. Hatami M, Ghorbanpour M. Defense enzyme activities and biochemical variations of Pelargonium zonale in response to nanosilver application and dark storage. Turkish Journal of Biology. 2014; 38(1): 130-9.
43. Chen L, Zhou L, Liu Y, Deng S, et al. Toxicological effects of nanometer titanium dioxide (nano-TiO 2) on Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2012; 84: 155-62.
44. Andersen L, Williams MH, Serek M. Reduced water availability improves drought tolerance of potted miniature roses: Is the ethylene pathway involved?. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology. 2004; 79(1): 1-13.
45. Noctor G, Foyer CH. Ascorbate and glutathione: keeping active oxygen under control. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 1998; 49(1): 249-79.
46. Hatami M, Hhatamzadeh A, Ghasemnezhad M, Hasan sajedi R, et al. Changes in antioxidant enzymes activity in two Pelargonium zonale cultivars by nanosilver particles during dark storage. Plant Production Technology. 2014; 13(2): 99-108.
47. Gallego SM, Benavídes MP, Tomaro ML. Effect of heavy metal ion excess on sunflower leaves: evidence for involvement of oxidative stress. Plant Science. 1996; 121(2): 151-9.
48. Mazhoudi S, Chaoui A, Ghorbal MH, El Ferjani E. Response of antioxidant enzymes to excess copper in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.). Plant Science. 1997; 127(2): 129-37.
49. Winterbourn CC. Superoxide-dependent production of hydroxyl radicals in the presence of iron salts. Biochemical Journal. 1982; 205(2): 463.
50. Droillard MJ, Bate NJ, Rothstein SJ, Thompson JE. Active translation of the D-1 protein of photosystem II in senescing leaves. Plant Physiology. 1992; 9(2): 589-94.
51. Behboudi F, Allahdadi E, Mohamadi Goltape E. The effect of vermicompost containing copper oxide (CuO) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nano-particles on some characteristics of the wax bean. EJCP. 2013; 6 (2): 33-49.
52. Gokak I, Taranath T. Morphological and biochemical responses of Abelmoschus esculantus (L.) Moench to zinc nano-particles. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 2015; 6(2): 025017.
53. Salama H. Effects of silver nano-particles in some crop plants, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and corn (Zea mays L.). Int Res J Biotech. 2012; 3(10): 190-7.
54. Prasad M. Cadmium toxicity and tolerance in vascular plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 1995; 35(4): 525-45.
55. Sato F, Yoshioka H, Fujiwara T, Higashio H, et al. Physiological responses of cabbage plug seedlings to water stress during low-temperature storage in darkness. Scientia Horticulturae. 2004; 101(4): 349-57.
56. Elfeky AS, Mohanned MA, Khater MS, Osman YAH, et al. Effect of magnetite nano-fertilizer on growth and yield of Ocimum basilicum L. International Journal of Indigenous Medical Plants. 2013; 46(3): 1286-1293